A woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) carcass from Maly Lyakhovsky Island (New Siberian Islands, Russian Federation)

Описание

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2017

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2017.01.007

Ключевые слова: Late Pleistocene, Life history, Maly Lyakhovsky Island, Mammuthus primigenius, Permafrost, Soft tissue preservation

Аннотация: A partial carcass of an adult woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) found in 2012 on Maly Lyakhovsky Island presents a new opportunity to retrieve associated anatomical, morphological, and life history data on this important component of Pleistocene biotas. In addition, we address hematological, histological, and microbiological iПоказать полностьюssues that relate directly to quality of preservation. Recovered by staff from North-Eastern Federal University in Yakutsk, this individual is a relatively old female preserving soft tissue of the anteroventral portion of the head, most of both fore-quarters, and the ventral aspect of much of the rest of the body. Both tusks were recovered and subjected to computed tomographic analysis in which annual dentin increments were revealed as cycles of variation in X-ray attenuation. Measurements of annual increment areas (in longitudinal section) display a pulsed pattern of tusk growth showing cycles of growth rate variation over periods of 3–5 years. These intervals are interpreted as calving cycles reflecting regular shifts in calcium and phosphate demand for tusk growth vs. fetal ossification and lactation. Brown liquid associated with the frozen carcass turned out to include remains of hemolyzed blood, and blood samples examined microscopically included white blood cells with preserved nuclei. Muscle tissue from the trunk was unusually well preserved, even at the histological level. Intestinal contents and tissue samples were investigated microbiologically, and several strains of lactic-acid bacteria (e.g., Enterococcus faecium, Enterococcus hirae) that are widely distributed as commensal organisms in the intestines of herbivores were isolated. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA

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Издание

Журнал: Quaternary International

Выпуск журнала: Vol. 445

Номера страниц: 89-103

ISSN журнала: 10406182

Издатель: Elsevier Ltd

Авторы

  • Grigoriev S.E. (Lazarev Mammoth Museum, Institute of Applied Ecology of the North, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russian Federation)
  • Fisher D.C. (Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States)
  • Obadă T. (Institute of Zoology, Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Chişinău, Moldova)
  • Shirley E.A. (Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States)
  • Rountrey A.N. (Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States)
  • Savvinov G.N. (Institute of Applied Ecology of the North, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russian Federation)
  • Garmaeva D.K. (Medical Institute, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russian Federation)
  • Novgorodov G.P. (Lazarev Mammoth Museum, Institute of Applied Ecology of the North, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russian Federation)
  • Cheprasov M.Y. (Lazarev Mammoth Museum, Institute of Applied Ecology of the North, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russian Federation)
  • Vasilev S.E. (3D Modelling and Virtual Reality Center, Institute of Physics and Technologies, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russian Federation)
  • Goncharov A.E. (North-West State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation, Institute of Experimental Medicine, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation)
  • Masharskiy A. (Saint Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation)
  • Egorova V.E. (Medical Institute, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russian Federation)
  • Petrova P.P. (Medical Institute, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russian Federation)
  • Egorova E.E. (Medical Institute, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russian Federation)
  • Akhremenko Y.A. (Medical Institute, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russian Federation)
  • van der Plicht J. (Center for Isotope Research, Groningen University, Groningen, Netherlands)
  • Galanin A.A. (Melnikov Permafrost Institute, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk, Russian Federation)
  • Fedorov S.E. (Lazarev Mammoth Museum, Institute of Applied Ecology of the North, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russian Federation)
  • Ivanov E.V. (Institute of Applied Ecology of the North, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russian Federation)
  • Tikhonov A.N. (Lazarev Mammoth Museum, Institute of Applied Ecology of the North, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russian Federation, Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation)

Вхождение в базы данных

  • Scopus (цитирований 3)