An Integrated Approach to the Assessment of an Ecological Impact of Industrial Products and Processes

Описание

Тип публикации: доклад, тезисы доклада, статья из сборника материалов конференций

Конференция: Biennial ISEM Conference on Ecological Modelling for Global Change and Coupled Human and Natural Systems; Beijing Normal Univ, Beijing, PEOPLES R CHINA; Beijing Normal Univ, Beijing, PEOPLES R CHINA

Год издания: 2012

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1016/j.proenv.2012.01.077

Ключевые слова: ecology, sustable development

Аннотация: Since almost any waste recycling requires non-zero resources, almost any technology exerts non-zero impact on the biosphere. Therefore, there is an objective of finding technological configuration providing a minimal harmful effect on the biosphere. Correct assessment of the harmful effect requires as broad a framework of consideraПоказать полностьюtion as possible. A comparison of ecological impacts of gasoline and electric vehicles was conducted as an example of applying this approach. The contribution of technological processes involved into production, usage, and disposal of vehicles was taken into account. Comparison of the total environmental impact of the vehicles has led to a result that differs radically from widely distributed points of view about the environmental benefits of electric vehicles. It indicates that the use of the proposed approach can significantly change perceptions about the environmental and economic efficiency of various industrial products and processes. (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier B. V. Selection and/or peer-review under responsibility of School of Environment, Beijing Normal University.

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Издание

Журнал: 18TH BIENNIAL ISEM CONFERENCE ON ECOLOGICAL MODELLING FOR GLOBAL CHANGE AND COUPLED HUMAN AND NATURAL SYSTEM

Выпуск журнала: Vol. 13

Номера страниц: 837-846

ISSN журнала: 18780296

Место издания: AMSTERDAM

Издатель: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV

Авторы

  • Bartsev S.I. (Russian Acad Sci, Inst Biophys, Siberian Branch, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia)
  • Degermendzhi A.G. (Russian Acad Sci, Inst Biophys, Siberian Branch, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia)
  • Okhonin V.A. (Russian Acad Sci, Inst Biophys, Siberian Branch, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia)
  • Saltykov M.Y. (Siberian Fed Univ, Inst Fundamental Biol & Biotechnol, Svobodny 79, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Russia.)

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