An intensive tree-ring experience: Connecting education and research during the 25th European Dendroecological Fieldweek (Asturias, Spain)

Описание

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2017

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1016/j.dendro.2016.12.005

Ключевые слова: Dendroarchaeology, Dendrochronology, Dendroclimatology, Dendroecology, Dendrogeomorphology, Plant anatomy, Castanea sativa, Corylus avellana, Pinus sylvestris, Quercus robur, Salix

Аннотация: The European Dendroecologial Fieldweek (EDF) provides an intensive learning experience in tree-ring research that challenges any participant to explore new multidisciplinary dendro-sciences approaches within the context of field and laboratory settings. Here we present the 25th EDF, held in Asturias, NW Spain, in summer 2014. The cПоказать полностьюourse, with 33 participants and 10 instructors from 18 countries included advanced training in dendrochronology skills, an overview of tree-ring broad fields and methodological basics to deal with specific research questions as well as applied advanced micro-projects in dendroarchaeology (DAR), dendroclimatology (DCL), dendrogeomorphology (DGM), forest dynamic (FD) and plant anatomy (PA). The results demonstrated the potential of tree-ring research in the Asturias region. The DAR group researched archaeological samples from different contexts (Oviedo cathedral choir stalls, Segovia cathedral roof timbers, Ribadeo shipwreck ship timbers and Bronze Age site charcoal) and explored the supply of wood in different periods. The DCL group established that the Quercus robur and Castanea sativa ring-width measurements show weak climate-growth correlations, where for many trees this is likely caused by management. The strength of the climatic signal could be enhanced using undisturbed settings. The DGM group found that Corylus avellana and Salix spp. are challenging species for dendrogeomorphological studies. Debris-flow events were detected by the presence of tension wood, growth reduction and scars, and their incidences were also supported by local meteorological data. The FD group found that tree growth decreases with increasing competition, a pattern more pronounced in C. sativa than in Pinus sylvestris forest plantations. The results indicate that wood production could be increased by applying thinning treatments on C. sativa. The PA group showed that xylem conduits and phloem area are organized according to the common needs for water supply to leaves and obtain photosynthetic products, regardless site growing conditions for P. sylvestris and Tusilago farfara. In conclusion, this EDF has been a model for interdisciplinary research and international collaboration that has demonstrated that high-quality research and education can be conducted within one week. The EDFs provide an important service to the dendrochronological community and demonstrate the usefulness of this educational-scientific and multi-cultural experience. © 2017 Elsevier GmbH

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Издание

Журнал: Dendrochronologia

Выпуск журнала: Vol. 42

Номера страниц: 80-93

Авторы

  • Sanchez-Salguero R. (Instituto Pirenaico de Ecolog?a (IPE-CSIC), Avda. Monta?ana, E-50192, Zaragoza, Spain, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Zurcherstrasse 111, Birmensdorf, Switzerland, Dpto. Sistemas F?sicos, Qu?micos y Naturales, Universidad Pabl)
  • Hevia A. (Forest and Wood Technology Research Centre (CETEMAS), Pumarabule, Carbay?n, s/n, Siero, Asturias, Spain)
  • Camarero J.J. (Instituto Pirenaico de Ecolog?a (IPE-CSIC), Avda. Monta?ana, E-50192, Zaragoza, Spain)
  • Treydte K. (Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Zurcherstrasse 111, Birmensdorf, Switzerland)
  • Frank D. (Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Zurcherstrasse 111, Birmensdorf, Switzerland)
  • Crivellaro A. (University of Padova, Dept. of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry TESAF, Viale dell'Universit? 16, I-35020, Legnaro, Padova, Italy)
  • Dominguez-Delm?s M. (University of Santiago de Compostela, Department of Botany, EPS, Campus de Lugo, E-27002, Lugo, Spain)
  • Hellman L. (Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Zurcherstrasse 111, Birmensdorf, Switzerland, Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, Falkenplatz 16, Bern, Switzerland)
  • Kaczka R.J. (Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of Silesia in Katowice B?dzi?ska 60, Sosnowiec, Poland)
  • Kaye M. (Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 113, Forest Resource Building, State ColleaguePA, United States)
  • Akhmetzyanov L. (Wageningen University, Netherlands)
  • Ashiq M.W. (University of Guelph, Canada)
  • Bhuyan U. (Technical University Munich, Germany)
  • Bondarenko O. (XTBG, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China)
  • Camison Alvaro (University of Salamanca, Spain)
  • Camps S. (KULeuven, Belgium)
  • Garcia V.C. (Univ. Aut?noma Nuevo Le?n, Mexico)
  • Vaz F.C. (CIBIO, Portugal)
  • Gavrila I.G. (Babes-Bolyai University, Romania)
  • Gulbranson E. (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, United States)
  • Huhtamaa H. (University of Bern, Switzerland)
  • Janecka K. (Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of Silesia in Katowice B?dzi?ska 60, Sosnowiec, Poland)
  • Jeffers D. (University of Oxford, United Kingdom)
  • Jochner M. (ETH, Z?rich, Switzerland)
  • Koutecky T. (Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic)
  • Lamrani-Alaoui M. (ENFI-Sal?, Morocco)
  • Lebreton-Anberree J. (XTBG, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China)
  • Seijo M.M. (University of Santiago, de Compostela, Spain)
  • Matulewski P. (Adam Mickiewicz Univ., Poznan, Poland)
  • Metslaid S. (Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia)
  • Miron S. (Babes-Bolyai University, Romania)
  • Morrisey R. (Czech Univ. of Life Sciences, Czech Republic)
  • Opdebeeck J. (KULeuven, Belgium)
  • Ovchinnikov S. (Siberian Federal University, Russian Federation)
  • Peters R. (Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Zurcherstrasse 111, Birmensdorf, Switzerland)
  • Petritan A.M. (Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Zurcherstrasse 111, Birmensdorf, Switzerland)
  • Popkova M. (Siberian Federal University, Russian Federation)
  • Rehorkova S. (Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic)
  • Ariza M.O.R. (University of Ja?n, Spain)
  • Sanchez-Miranda Angela (CSIC, IPE, Avda Montanana 1005, E-50192 Zaragoza, Spain)
  • Van der Linden M. (BIAX Consult, Netherlands)
  • Vannoppen A. (KULeuven, Belgium)
  • Volarik D. (Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic)

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