«Where are you from?»: Staffing of the Public Service in the Irkutsk and Yenisei Provinces from XIX to early XX centuries [«Из каких мест прибыл?»: о кадровом обеспечении государственной службы в Иркутской и Енисейской губерниях в конце XIX - начале ХХ вв]


Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2022

Идентификатор DOI: 10.13187/BG.2022.1.403

Ключевые слова: civil servants, district administration, irkutsk governor general, irkutsk governorate, officials, provincial administration, russian empire, siberia, territorial origin, yenisei governorate

Аннотация: This article tested the facts of the territorial origin of officials. They served in the provincial and district government bodies of the eastern part of Siberia from the late 19th to early 20th centuries. We have established the facts and regularities of the process of replenishment of personnel on a territorial basis on the basisПоказать полностьюof statistical methods, analysis of the biographies of officials. The subject of our study is the territorial origin of officials of the VII-XIV classes. We studied officials in the Treasury Chamber, the Provincial Board (from 1895 - the Provincial Administration), until 1895 - the Medical Board, the Order of Public Charity, the Expedition for Exiles, the Provincial Drawing Office, until 1897 - the Provincial Court and District Courts, with 1897 - State Property Administration, since 1902 - Provincial Excise Administration and District Excise Administrations, District Treasuries. We examined the biographies of the heads of departments, assistants to managing institutions and government offices of the provincial and district administrations, treasurers, accountants, assessors, senior and junior secretaries, clerks, accountants, auditors, officials for special assignments, inspectors, clerks, clerks. Historical sources are official lists and personal files of 160 officials who were in office in 1887, 1993, 1905 and 1915. We picked up historical sources from the funds of the State Archives of the Krasnoyarsk Territory (F. 595 "Yenisei Provincial Administration") and the State Archives of the Irkutsk Region (F. 32 "Irkutsk Provincial Administration", F. 38 "Irkutsk Provincial Drawing". For each specified year was taken 20 officials each from the provincial and district/district levels of government. The study established the dynamics of the reduction of officials. They came from behind the Urals in the late 19th - early 20th centuries: from 65% to 30% among officials of the provincial administration and from 60% to 25 % - among the district (from 1898 - county) administration. Officials came from beyond the Urals arrived mainly from the provinces of Central Russia, less often from the northwestern and Ukrainian lands. Among the employees of Siberian origin, the main share was local officials who lived earlier in the same province and transferred to a new position by rotating personnel within the departments of the same provincial administration or from the bodies of the district (district) or ram of power. The staff of Siberian officials included a greater number of those transferred to the Yenisei province from the Irkutsk province than to Irkutsk from the Yenisei, which was explained by the leading position of Irkutsk as the administrative center of Eastern Siberia. Copyright © 2022 by Cherkas Global University

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Журнал: Bylye Gody

Выпуск журнала: Vol. 17, Is. 1

Номера страниц: 406-411

ISSN журнала: 20739745

Издатель: International Network Center for Fundamental and Applied Research


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