The effect of the pesticide delivery method on the microbial community of field soil : научное издание


Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2020

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1007/s11356-020-11228-7

Ключевые слова: soil microorganisms, pesticides, slow release formulations, biodegradable polymer, poly-3-hydroxybutyrate, p(3hb)-degrading microorganisms

Аннотация: The study deals with the effects of herbicides (metribuzin, tribenuron-methyl, fenoxaprop-P-ethyl) and fungicides (tebuconazole, epoxiconazole, azoxystrobin) applied to soil as free pesticides or as slow release formulations embedded in a biodegradable composite matrix on the structure of the soil microbial community. The matrix coПоказать полностьюnsisted of a natural biopolymer poly-3-hydroxybutyrate [P(3HB)] and a filler-one of the natural materials (peat, clay, and wood flour). The soil microbial community was characterized, including the major eco-trophic groups of bacteria, dominant taxa of bacteria and fungi, and primary P(3HB)-degrading microorganisms, such asPseudomonas,Bacillus,Pseudarthrobacter,Streptomyces,Penicillium, andTalaromyces. The addition of free pesticides adversely affected the abundance of soil microorganisms; the decrease varied from 1.4 to 56.0 times for different types of pesticides. The slow release pesticide formulations, in contrast to the free pesticides, exerted a much weaker effect on soil microorganisms, no significant inhibition in the abundance of saprotrophic bacteria was observed, partly due to the positive effects of the composite matrix (polymer/natural material), which was a supplementary substrate for microorganisms. The slow release fungicide formulations, like the free fungicides, reduced the total abundance of fungi and inhibited the development of the phytopathogensFusariumandAlternaria. Thus, slow release formulations of pesticides preserve the bioremediation potential of soil microorganisms, which are the main factor of removing xenobiotics from the biosphere.

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Выпуск журнала: Vol. 28, Is. 7

Номера страниц: 8681-8697

ISSN журнала: 09441344

Место издания: HEIDELBERG



  • Prudnikova Svetlana (Siberian Fed Univ, 79 Svobodny Pr, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Russia)
  • Streltsova Nadezhda (Siberian Fed Univ, 79 Svobodny Pr, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Russia)
  • Volova Tatiana (Siberian Fed Univ, 79 Svobodny Pr, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Russia; Krasnoyarsk Sci Ctr SB RAS, Inst Biophys SB RAS, Fed Res Ctr, 50-50 Akademgorodok, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia)

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