Идея безумия и мистический дискурс как выражение христианского опыта веры


Перевод названия: Idea of madness and mystical discourse as expression of Christian experience of belief

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2012

Ключевые слова: madness, mysticism, christianity, the belief and knowledge, sacral experience, безумие, мистицизм, христианство, вера и знание, сакральный опыт

Аннотация: Рассматривается идея безумия как один из способов манифестации сакрального опыта человека; а также конкретизируется феномен и символ безумия на исходе русской и западноевропейской средневековой истории. The author considers idea of madness as one of ways of expression of sacral experience of the person. For the first time in the EuПоказать полностьюropean culture it has been formulated by apostle Paul as idea of «super-understanding» before reason of the world; thus, this idea becomes way of an embodiment, first of all, paroxysm Christian experience of belief. Having received antinomical the specification, the idea of madness, on the one hand, contacts idea absolute unknow-ability and inaccessibility of the God, on the other hand - with an opportunity of the inaccessible God to communicate with the real person, to enter into its nature. In the theoretical plan the idea of madness receives the development in history of becoming dogmatic persons, especially, in the field of mystical divinity. Efforts of apologists, « grand Cappadocians», and also Dionysius Areopagit, down to theological disputes on nature Favor's light in the middle of XIV century, develop tradition apophaticism as a way of preservation and transfer numinous Christian experience in the European culture, as attempt to save this experience from all kinds rational emasculation.In the practical attitude as a feat of belief and vital practice, the idea of madness was realized, for example, in such paradoxical - from the point of view of «natural» moral and social «nature» of the person - a phenomenon, as craziness, becoming one of the brightest features of Russian attitude. The further development connected with the general course of the European culture, idea of madness gets in the West in various forms of mystical individualism, mainly in XV century In particular, has been paid special attention for a visual image of madness, and also on a theme macabre in painting the late Middle Ages in which the general has found expression intention, defining madness as a symbol of a temptation Godforsakenness. Madness began to express itself the human desires connected with somatic, sensuality and erotic. The conclusion: in a basis of historical transition from initial understanding of madness as lifes-presence of the God to tragical experience of madness as lifes-absence of the God the structure of the most Christian sacralis, constructed on an antithesis and collision of two worlds, two reasons, two moral lays. In this process it was displayed not only destiny of the European consciousness; experience of madness became way of resistance to classical installations of thinking and the is rational emasculated forms of a life.

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Журнал: Вестник Томского государственного университета. Философия. Социология. Политология

Выпуск журнала: 4

Номера страниц: 77-86

ISSN журнала: 1998863X

Место издания: Томск

Издатель: Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования Национальный исследовательский Томский государственный университет


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