Formation of Leading Universities: World Practice and Russian Perspective [Становление университетов-лидеров: мировая практика и российская перспектива]


Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2020

Идентификатор DOI: 10.17516/1997-1370-0500

Ключевые слова: leadership, leadership factors, success stories, the state, universities, universitiesthe study was supported by the russian foundation for basic research and the krasnoyarsk regional fund for support of research and research and technical activities in the framework of the project “regional intellectual ecosystem (r&d, education, innovations) for the krasnoyarsk territory (krai): a scientific and methodological analysis of new opportunities for education, research and innovation in the digital world frame, development of a system model of the “intellectual ecosystem” of the region, development of a digital platform as the basis of this ecosystem” no. 18-410-242007.people’s republic of china, the shanghai municipal government, • the university is participating in the project 211 funded by the government aimed at creating world-class universities, and has received the necessary political and financial support, • the university actively participated in the formation of the country’s national elite: its graduates include jiang zemin, the general secretary of the central committee of the communist party of china in 1989-2002 and chairman of the prc in 1993-2003, more than 200 members of the chinese academy of sciences and the chinese academy of engineering, • the university was able to move from the traditional administration to modern strategic management, which ensured the rapid growth of the university performance in world rankings.

Аннотация: The subject of the research presented is the phenomenon of university leadership and its conditions and factors. The study is based on “success stories” of leading universities in various countries: Harvard and Stanford Universities (USA), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA), Shanghai Jiao Tong University (China), Indian InПоказать полностьюstitute of Technology Bombay (India), Pohang University of Science and Technology (Korea), National Research University Higher School of Economics (Russia). We can conclude that universities become leaders if they manage to “ride the wave” of important changes for society and support the deployment of these processes, as well as use their energy and the emerging opportunities. An important factor is the activity of key partners that support the development of a leading university: professional communities, authorities, governmental institutions and large companies. The impact of leading universities on the development of the regions and countries where they are located is formulated as follows: they form elites; create an educated society, bring up professionals; produce and distribute new knowledge, technological, organizational and institutional solutions; directly develop the economy through the creation of new enterprises and jobs. Leading universities initiate cooperation on a regional and global scale; solving the problems faced by the humanity; they set new future-oriented objectives and goals. In the history of universities, we can observe various relations with the state: partnership of universities and authorities or state domination over universities. The implementation of the strategic interests of the state can be combined with the freedom and activeness of universities, modelling the promising practices of the future “on themselves”. At the same time, the situation in Russia is characterized by the actual absence of “universities as communities” demonstrating a high level of academic autonomy, their own vision of the prospects for the economy, technology, science, education and formulating their own independent strategies. © Siberian Federal University. All rights reserved

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Журнал: Journal of Siberian Federal University - Humanities and Social Sciences

Выпуск журнала: Vol. 13, Is. 6

Номера страниц: 860-875

ISSN журнала: 19971370


  • Efimov V.S. (Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation)
  • Laptevа A.V. (Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation)

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