Effect of healthful physical training on functional status in physically inactive middle-aged women with hypertension.


Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2021

Идентификатор DOI: 10.7752/jpes.2021.s3280

Ключевые слова: 6 minute walk test (6mwt), blood pressure, combined (aerobic+strength) training, hypertension, ipaq, physical activity (pa), women

Аннотация: Background: Arterial hypertension (AH) is one of the most common diseases in the world. Individuals, who have AH, face with an increased risk of various diseases. Health professionals note some lack of knowledge about the effect of physical activity of certain people' age groups with AH. This study aimed to investigate the impact oПоказать полностьюf the different healthful physical activity interventions in physically inactive middle-aged women, who have AH. Methods: A total of 57 subjects participated in the study. All subjects were randomly assigned to two groups: group 1 (n=29) and group 2 (n=28). A total of 16 weeks of healthful physical activity intervention was conducted three times a week for 50-60 minutes per session. Both groups performed the same preparatory (adequate warm-up and stretching) and strength exercises in each session. Group 1 performed walking/jogging in outdoor, group 2 performed walking uphill (treadmill walking/jogging with incline feature of treadmill – 1-3%). The aerobic sessions were performed with a progressive duration of 20-30 minutes and 120-155 bpm intensity of heart rate. The next tools for estimated by the functional status of study subjects: BMI, IPAQ (modified version of the long form), measurement of the pulse, measurement of the blood pressure, six-minute walk test (6MWT), were in this study. Results: All subjects reported they were following the recommendation for physical activity improvement, and performed healthful physical activity for 150 minutes per week or more in intervention period. There were significant (p≤0.05) differences among the groups with regard to body weight, BMI, measurements of pulse rate and blood pressure, 6MWT values in post-intervention. Were found that both resting and 6MWT pulse rate values were significantly (p≤0.05) higher in study subjects (group 1) as compared to study subjects (group 2). Mean maximum 6MWT values (covered distance) were significantly (p≤0.05) higher in subjects (group 2), as compared to subjects (group 1). Mean blood pressure measurements qualified as the normal range (less 140/90 mmHg) in both groups. There were significantly (p≤0.05) lower blood pressure values in study subjects (group 2). Outcomes: These findings demonstrated that particular physical activity intervention including a regular practice of combined (aerobic+strength) physical exercise should be recommended for middle-aged women with AH and overweight or obesity. Beneficial effects of this particular PA on BMI, resting pulse rate and blood pressure value reductions in study subjects is acknowledged. © JPES.

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Журнал: Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Выпуск журнала: Vol. 21

Номера страниц: 2199-2208

ISSN журнала: 22478051

Издатель: Editura Universitatii din Pitesti


  • Prokopets T. (Tomsk Research Institute of Cardiology, Tomsk, Russian Federation)
  • Osipov A. (Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation, Voino-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation)
  • Lyakh V.
  • Ratmanskaya T. (Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation, Krakow University of Physical Education, Krakow, Poland)
  • Orlova I. (Voino-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation, Institute of Developmental Physiology, Moscow, Russian Federation)
  • Vinnik Y. (Voino-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation)
  • Galimova A. (East-Siberian Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russia, Irkutsk, Russian Federation)
  • Kudryavtsev M. (Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation, Reshetnev Siberian State University Science and Technology, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation, Siberian Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russia, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation)

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