Ecological and conceptual consequences of Arctic pollution : научное издание

Описание

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2020

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1111/ele.13611

Ключевые слова: arctic dimming, boreal forest, divergence problem, industrial pollution, norilsk disaster, russia, siberia, tree rings

Аннотация: Although the effect of pollution on forest health and decline received much attention in the 1980s, it has not been considered to explain the 'Divergence Problem' in dendroclimatology; a decoupling of tree growth from rising air temperatures since the 1970s. Here we use physical and biogeochemical measurements of hundreds of livingПоказать полностьюand dead conifers to reconstruct the impact of heavy industrialisation around Norilsk in northern Siberia. Moreover, we develop a forward model with surface irradiance forcing to quantify long-distance effects of anthropogenic emissions on the functioning and productivity of Siberia's taiga. Downwind from the world's most polluted Arctic region, tree mortality rates of up to 100% have destroyed 24,000 km(2)boreal forest since the 1960s, coincident with dramatic increases in atmospheric sulphur, copper, and nickel concentrations. In addition to regional ecosystem devastation, we demonstrate how 'Arctic Dimming' can explain the circumpolar 'Divergence Problem', and discuss implications on the terrestrial carbon cycle.

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Издание

Журнал: ECOLOGY LETTERS

Выпуск журнала: Vol. 23, Is. 12

Номера страниц: 1827-1837

ISSN журнала: 1461023X

Место издания: HOBOKEN

Издатель: WILEY

Авторы

  • Kirdyanov Alexander V. (Univ Cambridge, Dept Geog, Cambridge CB2 3EN, England; RAS, VN Sukachev Inst Forest SB, Fed Res Ctr, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia; Siberian Fed Univ, Inst Ecol & Geog, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Russia)
  • Krusic Paul J. (Univ Cambridge, Dept Geog, Cambridge CB2 3EN, England; Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden)
  • Shishov Vladimir V. (RAS, VN Sukachev Inst Forest SB, Fed Res Ctr, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia; Siberian Fed Univ, Inst Ecol & Geog, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Russia; Siberian Fed Univ, Math Methods & IT Dept, Krasnoyarsk 660075, Russia)
  • Vaganov Eugene A. (RAS, VN Sukachev Inst Forest SB, Fed Res Ctr, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia; Siberian Fed Univ, Rectorate, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Russia)
  • Fertikov Alexey I. (Siberian Fed Univ, Inst Ecol & Geog, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Russia)
  • Myglan Vladimir S. (Siberian Fed Univ, Inst Humanities, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Russia)
  • Barinov Valentin V. (Siberian Fed Univ, Inst Humanities, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Russia)
  • Browse Jo (Univ Exeter, Ctr Geog & Environm Sci, Penryn TR10 9FE, England)
  • Esper Jan (Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Dept Geog, D-55099 Mainz, Germany)
  • Ilyin Viktor A. (Siberian Fed Univ, Math Methods & IT Dept, Krasnoyarsk 660075, Russia)
  • Knorre Anastasia A. (Siberian Fed Univ, Inst Ecol & Geog, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Russia; State Nat Reserve Stolby, Krasnoyarsk 660006, Russia)
  • Korets Mikhail A. (RAS, VN Sukachev Inst Forest SB, Fed Res Ctr, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia)
  • Kukarskikh Vladimir V. (RAS, Inst Plant & Anim Ecol, Ural Branch, Ekaterinburg 620144, Russia)
  • Mashukov Dmitry A. (RAS, VN Sukachev Inst Forest SB, Fed Res Ctr, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia)
  • Onuchin Alexander A. (RAS, VN Sukachev Inst Forest SB, Fed Res Ctr, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia)
  • Piermattei Alma (Univ Cambridge, Dept Geog, Cambridge CB2 3EN, England)
  • Pimenov Alexander V. (RAS, VN Sukachev Inst Forest SB, Fed Res Ctr, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia)
  • Prokushkin Anatoly S. (RAS, VN Sukachev Inst Forest SB, Fed Res Ctr, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia; Siberian Fed Univ, Inst Ecol & Geog, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Russia)
  • Ryzhkova Vera A. (RAS, VN Sukachev Inst Forest SB, Fed Res Ctr, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia)
  • Shishikin Alexander S. (RAS, VN Sukachev Inst Forest SB, Fed Res Ctr, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia)
  • Smith Kevin T. (US Forest Serv, Durham, NH 08324 USA)
  • Taynik Anna V. (Siberian Fed Univ, Inst Humanities, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Russia)
  • Wild Martin (Inst Atmosphere Climate Sci, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland)
  • Zorita Eduardo (Helmholtz Ctr Geesthacht, Inst Coastal Res, D-21502 Geesthacht, Germany)
  • Buentgen Ulf (Univ Cambridge, Dept Geog, Cambridge CB2 3EN, England; Swiss Fed Res Inst WSL, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland; Global Change Res Ctr, Brno 60300, Czech Republic; Masaryk Univ, Fac Sci, Dept Geog, Brno 61300, Czech Republic)

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