Assessment of the possibility of establishing material cycling in an experimental model of the bio-technical life support system with plant and human wastes included in mass exchange : научное издание

Описание

Перевод названия: Assessment of the possibility of establishing material cycling in an experimental model of the bio-technical life support system with plant and human wastes included in mass exchange

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2011

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2010.10.005

Ключевые слова: Biological-technical life support system, Photosynthesizing unit, Utilization of plant and human wastes

Аннотация: A pilot model of a bio-technical life support system (BTLSS) including human and plant wastes has been developed at the Institute of Biophysics SB RAS (Krasnoyarsk, Russia). This paper describes the structure of the photosynthesizing unit of the system, which includes wheat, chufa and vegetables. The study substantiates the simultaПоказать полностьюneous use of neutral and biological substrates for cultivating plants. A novel physicochemical method for the involvement of human wastes in the cycling has been employed, which enables the use of recycled products as nutrients for plants. Inedible plant biomass was subjected to biological combustion in the soil-like substrate (SLS) and was thus involved in the system mass exchange; NaCl contained in native urine was returned to the human through the consumption of Salicornia europaea, an edible salt-concentrating plant. Mass transfer processes in the studied BLSS have been examined for different chemical components. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Издание

Журнал: Acta Astronautica

Выпуск журнала: Т. 68, 9-10

Номера страниц: 1548-1554

ISSN журнала: 00945765

Издатель: Elsevier Science Publishing Company, Inc.

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