Human Potential and Quality of Life in Siberian Regions: from Degradation to Growth

Описание

Перевод названия: Человеческий потенциал и качество жизни в сибирских регионах: от деградации к росту

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2016

Идентификатор DOI: 10.17516/1997-1370-2016-9-11-2706-2727

Ключевые слова: quality of life, human potential, human capital, social policy, regions of Siberia, Siberian federal district, качество жизни, человеческий потенциал, человеческий капитал, социальная политика, регионы Сибири, сибирский федеральный округ

Аннотация: Based on statistical data, the analysis shows that there has been a signi?cant decline in human potential and quality of life in Siberia in the course of the last two decades in comparison with the average indices. The results of the analysis prove that human potential and quality of life in Siberia in recent decades have been in sПоказать полностьюteady decline: there is a reduction in the relative size of the Siberians’ income; the number of the poor in the Siberian federal district exceeds the average values; in general the gap between Siberia and Russia has been increasing as per the mortality rate on social grounds (the number of suicides and alcohol poisonings per 100 thousand people); a lower share of people with higher education in Siberian economy is still preserved in comparison with the average indices. There is still a higher level of crime in Siberia as compared to the average for Russia. In recent years there has been a signi?cant growth of “violent” crime indices (murders, rapes, robberies) as compared to the average values. The revealed tendencies show that in recent years there has been displacement of Siberia to the periphery of the country’s economic, social and cultural development. Siberia is becoming less developed crime periphery of the Russian Federation. The article analyzes the conditions of “human capitalization”, current situation of human capital and potential in Russia and Siberia. The situation, developing in Russia, does not in many respects favour the population’s entrepreneurial and social activity that is manifested in sharp slowdown in the country’s economic development within the period of 2012-2015. The following provisions of the human capital growth policy in the Siberian federal district are formulated: - human capital development is a priority of Siberia’s strategic development; - a priority of the human capital increase policy is to support social activity and entrepreneurship; - the subjects of the federation should have wide powers and opportunities for human capital development in the regions; - it is necessary to expand a range of demographic and migration policies measures aimed at supporting birth and family and stimulating the population’s migration in?ow to Siberia; - it is vital to support the metropolitan agglomerations development in Siberia, the agglomerations being the environment that ensures human capitalization to the maximum extent.

Ссылки на полный текст

Издание

Журнал: Journal of Siberian Federal University. Серия: Гуманитарные науки

Выпуск журнала: Т. 9, 11

Номера страниц: 2706-2727

ISSN журнала: 19971370

Место издания: Красноярск

Издатель: Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования Сибирский федеральный университет

Авторы

Вхождение в базы данных